The deep reading of books and the information-driven reading we do on the web are very different, both in the experience they produce and in the capacities they develop, writes Annie Murphy Paul on MindShift. Recent research has demonstrated that deep readingâ€”slow, immersive, rich in sensory detail and emotional and moral complexityâ€”is a distinctive experience, different in kind from the mere decoding of words.
“Recent research in cognitive science, psychology and neuroscience has demonstrated that deep readingâ€”slow, immersive, rich in sensory detail and emotional and moral complexityâ€”is a distinctive experience, different in kind from the mere decoding of words. Although deep reading does not, strictly speaking, require a conventional book, the built-in limits of the printed page are uniquely conducive to the deep reading experience. A bookâ€™s lack of hyperlinks, for example, frees the reader from making decisionsâ€”Should I click on this link or not?â€”allowing her to remain fully immersed in the narrative.
That immersion is supported by the way the brain handles language rich in detail, allusion and metaphor: by creating a mental representation that draws on the same brain regions that would be active if the scene were unfolding in real life. The emotional situations and moral dilemmas that are the stuff of literature are also vigorous exercise for the brain, propelling us inside the heads of fictional characters and even, studies suggest, increasing our real-life capacity for empathy.”